Do no harm: 5 things to consider before hospitalizing or operating on pre-terminal and advanced elderly patients

As a physician, time and time again I have heard from my peers that prognostication is difficult and unreliable. But perhaps it is more accurate to say that as physicians, we just aren’t good at it any more. Prognostic education all but disappeared in the 1980s1)Christakis, NA, “The Ellipsis of Prognosis in Modern Medical Thought”. […]